عنوان مقاله [English]
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Because of having conservation areas that limit creation of human settlements , establishment of nuclear power plants may affect geographic environment and spatial arrangement of surrounding settlements and as most of these power plants are established near cities and human settlements the study of their impact within the surrounding geographical environment is very important. In this study the impacts of nuclear power plants of Bushehr on the procedure of expansion of the city have been considered by using various descriptive and analytical methods, and field work. The results indicate that establishment of nuclear power plant in a distance 18 kilometers away from the south of the city have caused the problem of unplanned residential areas or informal settlements within the range of 5 to 10 kilometers of the power plant, while the range falls within the conservation area in which creation of buildings is banned. The most important reasons for creation of these informal settlements are listed subsequently: 1- The impact of establishing nuclear power plant on attracting immigrants 2- The impact of nuclear power plant on increasing employment 3- The impact of this power plant on economic prosperity of the city 4- The impact of nuclear power plant on reducing land price in consevation areas. In other words, by a increase in job opportunities resulted from building constructions associated with nuclear power plant, a prosperity in the city economy is appeared that this responsible for motivation for people of other regions to migrate to this part of Bushehr. Therefore, considering both lack of sufficient lands for city expansion and also disability of immigrants to provide legal housing for themselves, these people have started to settle in the nuclear power plant conservation areas and build informal settlements with no services in them.